Alternative Transportation

In Healthy Natural Environment, Healthy People, Responsive Transportation System by Liza

Active transportation, including walking and bicycling, can help meet human health goals, such as reducing rates of obesity, while also decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.[i] Commuters able to walk or bicycle benefit from an increase in physical activity, and users of all alternative transportation types—walking, bicycling, carpooling, and public transit—benefit from a decrease in transportation costs. Even those not able to take alternative transportation still benefit from its use, since having fewer cars on the road decreases emissions and traffic congestion.

[i]L. Frank, M. Greenwald, S. Winhelman, J. Chapman, and S. Kavage, 2010. “Carbonless Footprint: Promoting Health and Climate Stabilization through Active Transportation,” Preventive Medicine 50 (2010): S99-S105.
N. Gallagher, A. Kimberlee, J. Gretebeck, J. Robinson, E. Torres, S. Murphy, and K. Marty, “Neighborhood Factors Relevant for Walking in Older, Urban, African American Adults,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 18 (2010): 99-115.