WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported sexually transmitted infection in the United States. In men, untreated chlamydia can cause urethral infection, resulting in pain, fever, and possible infertility. In women, untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes damage to the Fallopian tubes, the uterus, and tissues surrounding the ovaries. Untreated chlamydia in women can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy. Pregnant women with chlamydia are at greater risk for delivering babies at low birth weights. Chlamydia can be passed from a mother to an infant during birth and is the leading cause of early infant pneumonia and conjunctivitis in newborns.[i]
[i] G. Rours, L. Duijts, H. Moll, “Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection during Pregnancy Associated with Preterm Delivery: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study,” European Journal of Epidemiology 26 (2011): 493-502.