WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?
In both Oregon and Washington, students take their first standardized statewide tests in third grade. Student achievement on these tests reflects the success of early childhood programs (pre-K through third grade) and foreshadows the future successes—or challenges—of the child and of her/his cohort. Family income and health strongly influence a child’s academic success, which in turn influences his/her prosperity and health later in life.[i] Health is a particularly strong determinant of student success, as access to medical care and good health can affect a child’s ability to attend, pay attention, and learn in school.[ii]
[i] Abdurrahman Aktop, (2010) “socioeconomic Status, Physical Fitness, Self-concept, Attitude toward Physical Education, and Academic Achievement of Children,” Perceptual and Motor Skills 110 (2010): 531-546.
Selcuk Sirin, “Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analytic Review of Research,” Review of Educational Research 75, no. 3 (2005): 417-453.
[ii] Carol Costante, “Healthy Learners: The Link between Health and Student Achievement,” American School Board Journal (2002).